Table of Contents
Section 6: Bibliography
1. Rondo form usually follows a general plan that may be characterized by A-B-A-C-A.
2. The A section is often termed "refrain" or "rondo". It most often recurs in the tonic key. This is a fundamental difference between rondo form and ritornello form.
3.The A section often will be in binary form and will sometimes be altered in its restatements. Therefore, you might have an entire binary form refrain at the opening of the movement, and later you may only hear the A section of the refrain.
4. The sections that alternate with the A section are often termed "episodes" or "couplets". These will usually explore key areas other than the A section.
5. Be prepared to see different variations on the A-B-A-C-A plan. Sometimes it will appear A-B-A-CB-A or in another sequence. Sometimes it will be extended to three or more episodes. One must always allow the music to lead the analysis. Do not stamp "rondo" onto a movement and force it to fit.
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